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Cantonese Spoken Word Retention by Speakers with and without Congenital Amusia: Implications from Phonological Similarity and Cognitive Load Effects

Abstract: 

Success in spoken word processing relies not only on accurate word recognition but also the veracity with which words are maintained in memory. However, research on word retention is still scarce, especially in tonal languages and phonologically impaired populations. To address these gaps, the present study administered an auditory order recall task to native Cantonese speakers with and without amusia. Stimuli intrinsic (segmental similarity, suprasegmental similarity, and lexicality) and extrinsic (cognitive load) factors were manipulated. As expected, word recall was significantly impaired by increased cognitive load, and, similar to the retention of non-tonal languages, rime similarity exerted opposite effects on Cantonese real and pseudo word recollection. However, no reversal was observed in the suprasegmental dimension: Lexical tone similarity was persistently detrimental to recall accuracy. Tonal similarity Effects were also more robust against increased cognitive load than segmental similarity effects, implying differential weighting of suprasegmental and segmental cues in spoken word retention. These results are consistent with the view that distinct processing mechanisms exist for segments and tones. Besides, this study found it useful to combine accuracy and response time analyses. The potential of the combined analysis to capture the nature of phonological deficits is discussed in relation to amusia.

Index Terms: spoken word retention, phonological similarity, cognitive load, phonological deficit, amusia

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Paper Details

Authors:
Xiao Wang, Gang Peng
Submitted On:
9 October 2016 - 2:54pm
Short Link:
Type:
Poster
Event:
Presenter's Name:
Xiao Wang
Paper Code:
90
Document Year:
2016
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Cantonese Spoken Word Retention by Speakers with and without Congenital Amusia.pdf

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[1] Xiao Wang, Gang Peng, "Cantonese Spoken Word Retention by Speakers with and without Congenital Amusia: Implications from Phonological Similarity and Cognitive Load Effects", IEEE SigPort, 2016. [Online]. Available: http://sigport.org/1153. Accessed: Oct. 20, 2019.
@article{1153-16,
url = {http://sigport.org/1153},
author = {Xiao Wang; Gang Peng },
publisher = {IEEE SigPort},
title = {Cantonese Spoken Word Retention by Speakers with and without Congenital Amusia: Implications from Phonological Similarity and Cognitive Load Effects},
year = {2016} }
TY - EJOUR
T1 - Cantonese Spoken Word Retention by Speakers with and without Congenital Amusia: Implications from Phonological Similarity and Cognitive Load Effects
AU - Xiao Wang; Gang Peng
PY - 2016
PB - IEEE SigPort
UR - http://sigport.org/1153
ER -
Xiao Wang, Gang Peng. (2016). Cantonese Spoken Word Retention by Speakers with and without Congenital Amusia: Implications from Phonological Similarity and Cognitive Load Effects. IEEE SigPort. http://sigport.org/1153
Xiao Wang, Gang Peng, 2016. Cantonese Spoken Word Retention by Speakers with and without Congenital Amusia: Implications from Phonological Similarity and Cognitive Load Effects. Available at: http://sigport.org/1153.
Xiao Wang, Gang Peng. (2016). "Cantonese Spoken Word Retention by Speakers with and without Congenital Amusia: Implications from Phonological Similarity and Cognitive Load Effects." Web.
1. Xiao Wang, Gang Peng. Cantonese Spoken Word Retention by Speakers with and without Congenital Amusia: Implications from Phonological Similarity and Cognitive Load Effects [Internet]. IEEE SigPort; 2016. Available from : http://sigport.org/1153