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Human perceptual sensitivity of various types of forces, e.g., stiffness and friction, is important for surgeons during robotic surgeries such as needle insertion and palpation. However, force feedback from robot end-effector is usually a combination of desired and undesired force components which could have an effect on the perceptual sensitivity of the desired one. In presence of undesired forces, to improve perceptual sensitivity of desired force could benefit robotic surgical outcomes.

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Modern Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) systems can achieve high performance in terms of recognition accuracy. However, a perfectly accurate transcript still can be challenging to read due to disfluency, filter words, and other errata common in spoken communication. Many downstream tasks and human readers rely on the output of the ASR system; therefore, errors introduced by the speaker and ASR system alike will be propagated to the next task in the pipeline.

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In this paper, we propose a method to estimate the proximity of an acoustic reflector, e.g., a wall, using ego-noise, i.e., the noise produced by the moving parts of a listening robot. This is achieved by estimating the times of arrival of acoustic echoes reflected from the surface. Simulated experiments show that the proposed non-intrusive approach is capable of accurately estimating the distance of a reflector up to 1 meter and outperforms a previously proposed intrusive approach under loud ego-noise conditions.

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This paper proposes a parallel computation strategy and a posterior-based lattice expansion algorithm for efficient lattice rescoring with neural language models (LMs) for automatic speech recognition. First, lattices from first-pass decoding are expanded by the proposed posterior-based lattice expansion algorithm. Second, each expanded lattice is converted into a minimal list of hypotheses that covers every arc. Each hypothesis is constrained to be the best path for at least one arc it includes.

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Federated learning (FL) allows to train a massive amount of data privately due to its decentralized structure. Stochastic gradient descent (SGD) is commonly used for FL due to its good empirical performance, but sensitive user information can still be inferred from weight updates shared during FL iterations. We consider Gaussian mechanisms to preserve local differential privacy (LDP) of user data in the FL model with SGD. The trade-offs between user privacy, global utility, and transmission rate are proved by defining appropriate metrics for FL with LDP.

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Many commercial and forensic applications of speech demand the extraction of information about the speaker characteristics, which falls into the broad category of speaker profiling. The speaker characteristics needed for profiling include physical traits of the speaker like height, age, and gender of the speaker along with the native language of the speaker. Many of the datasets available have only partial information for speaker profiling.

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In several applications, including imaging of deformable objects while in motion, simultaneous localization and mapping, and unlabeled sensing, we encounter the problem of recovering a signal that is measured subject to unknown permutations. In this paper we take a fresh look at this problem through the lens of optimal transport (OT). In particular, we recognize that in most practical applications the unknown permutations are not arbitrary but some are more likely to occur than others.

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Open relation extraction (OpenRE) is the task of extracting relation schemes from open-domain corpora. Most existing OpenRE methods either do not fully benefit from high-quality labeled corpora or can not learn semantic representation directly, affecting downstream clustering efficiency. To address these problems, in this work, we propose a novel learning framework named MORE (Metric learning-based Open Relation Extraction.

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