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Presentation attacks on biometric systems have long created significant security risks. The increase in the adoption of age verification systems, which ensure that only age-appropriate content is consumed online, raises the question of vulnerability of such systems to replay presentation attacks. In this paper, we analyze the vulnerability of face age verification to simple replay attacks and assess whether presentation attack detection (PAD) systems created for biometrics can be effective at detecting similar attacks on age verification.

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Adversarial face examples possess two critical properties: Visual Quality and Transferability. However, existing approaches rarely address these properties simultaneously, leading to subpar results. To address this issue, we propose a novel adversarial attack technique known as Adversarial Restoration (AdvRestore), which enhances both visual quality and transferability of adversarial face examples by leveraging a face restoration prior. In our approach, we initially train a Restoration Latent Diffusion Model (RLDM) designed for face restoration.

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Soft-biometric privacy enhancing techniques (SB-PETs) transform facial images to preserve identity while preventing the automatic extraction of soft-biometrics by confusing machines through noise injections or attribute obfuscation. However, existing SB-PETs often sacrifice image quality for privacy enhancement, limiting practical usage, especially in applications that allow for human inspection.

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31 Views

Gait recognition aims to identify individual-specific walking patterns by observing the different periodic movements of each body part. However, most existing methods treat each part equally and fail to account for the data redundancy caused by the different step frequencies and sampling rates of gait sequences. In this study, we propose a multi-granularity motion representation network (GaitMM) for gait sequence learning. In GaitMM, we design a combined full-body and fine-grained sequence learning module (FFSL) to explore part-independent spatio-temporal representations.

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Gait recognition aims to identify individual-specific walking patterns by observing the different periodic movements of each body part. However, most existing methods treat each part equally and fail to account for the data redundancy caused by the different step frequencies and sampling rates of gait sequences. In this study, we propose a multi-granularity motion representation network (GaitMM) for gait sequence learning. In GaitMM, we design a combined full-body and fine-grained sequence learning module (FFSL) to explore part-independent spatio-temporal representations.

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12 Views

Morphing attacks are a threat to biometric systems where the biometric reference in an identity document can be altered. This form of attack presents an important issue in applications relying on identity documents such as border security or access control. Research in generation of face morphs and their detection is developing rapidly, however very few datasets with morphing attacks and open-source detection toolkits are publicly available.

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22 Views

Human voices can be used to authenticate the identity of the speaker, but the automatic speaker verification (ASV) systems are vulnerable to voice spoofing attacks, such as impersonation, replay, text-to-speech, and voice conversion. Recently, researchers developed anti-spoofing techniques to improve the reliability of ASV systems against spoofing attacks. However, most methods encounter difficulties in detecting unknown attacks in practical use, which often have different statistical distributions from known attacks.

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32 Views

This work explores facial expression bias as a security vulnerability of face recognition systems. Despite the great performance achieved by state-of-the-art face recognition systems, the algorithms are still sensitive to a large range of covariates. We present a comprehensive analysis of how facial expression bias impacts the performance of face recognition technologies. Our study analyzes: i) facial expression biases in the most popular face recognition databases; and ii) the impact of facial expression in face recognition performances.

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20 Views

Some recent work treats age estimation as an ordinal ranking task and decomposes it into multiple binary classifications. However, a theoretical defect lies in this type of methods: the ignorance of possible contradictions in individual ranking results. In this paper, we partially embrace the decomposition idea and propose the Deep and Ordinal Ensemble Learning with Two Groups Classification (DOEL 2groups ) for age prediction. An important advantage of our approach is that it theoretically allows the prediction even when the contradictory cases occur.

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