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Adversarial Patch Attacks (APAs) induce prediction errors by inserting carefully crafted regions into images. This paper presents the first defence against APAs for deep networks that perform semantic segmentation of scenes. We show that a conditional generator can be trained to produce patches on demand targeting specific classes and achieving superior performance versus conventional pixel-optimised patch attacks.

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Stuttering is a complicated language disorder. The most common form of stuttering is developmental stuttering, which begins in childhood. Early monitoring and intervention are essential for the treatment of children with stuttering. Automatic speech recognition technology has shown its great potential for non-fluent disorder identification, whereas the previous work has not considered the privacy of users' data. To this end, we propose federated intelligent terminals for automatic monitoring of stuttering speech in different contexts.

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The use of mutual information as a tool in private data sharing has remained an open challenge due to the difficulty of its estimation in practice. In this paper, we propose InfoShape, a task-based encoder that aims to remove unnecessary sensitive information from training data while maintaining enough relevant information for a particular ML training task. We achieve this goal by utilizing mutual information estimators that are based on neural networks, in order to measure two performance metrics, privacy and utility.

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In this paper, we consider privacy-preserving compressed image sharing, where the goal is to release compressed data whilst satisfying some privacy/secrecy constraints yet ensuring image reconstruction with a defined fidelity. The privacy-preserving compressed image sharing is addressed using a machine learning framework based on an information bottleneck with a shared secret key for authorized users. In contrast, an adversary observing the protected compressed representation tries to either reconstruct the data or deduce some privacy-sensitive attributes such as gender, age, etc.

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