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High-Throughput JPEG2000 (HTJ2K) is a new addition to the JPEG2000 suite of coding tools; it has been recently approved as Part-15 of the JPEG2000 standard, and the JPH file extension has been designated for it. The HTJ2K employs a new “fast” block coder that can achieve higher encoding and decoding throughput than a conventional JPEG2000 (C-J2K) encoder. The higher throughput is achieved because the HTJ2K codec processes wavelet coefficients in a smaller number of steps than C-J2K.

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Video traffic comprises a large majority of the total traffic on the internet today. Uncompressed visual data requires a very large data rate; lossy compression techniques are employed in order to keep the data-rate manageable. Increasingly, a significant amount of visual data being generated is consumed by analytics (such as classification, detection, etc.) residing in the cloud. Image and video compression can produce visual artifacts, especially at lower data-rates, which can result in a significant drop in performance on such analytic tasks.

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To reduce the residual energy of a video signal, motion compensated prediction with fractional-sample accuracy has been successfully employed in modern video coding technology. In contrast to the fixed quarter-sample motion vector resolution for the luma component in High Efficiency Video Coding standard, the current draft of a new Versatile Video Coding standard introduces a block-level adaptive motion vector resolution (AMVR) scheme. The AMVR allows coding of motion vector difference at different precisions.

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In image quality assessments, the results of subjective evaluation experiments that use the double-stimulus impairment scale (DSIS) method are often expressed in terms of the mean opinion score (MOS), which is the average score of all subjects for each test condition. Some MOS values are used to derive image quality criteria, and it has been assumed that it is preferable to perform tests with non-expert subjects rather than with experts. In this study, we analyze the results of several subjective evaluation experiments using the DSIS method.

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Modern video codecs have many compression-tuning parameters from which numerous configurations (presets) can be constructed. The large number of presets complicates the search for one that delivers optimal encoding time, quality, and compressed-video size. This paper presents a machine-learning-based method that helps to solve this problem. We applied the method to the x264 video codec: it searches for optimal presets that demonstrate 9-20% bitrate savings relative to standard x264 presets with comparable compressed-video quality and encoding time.

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This paper proposes extensions of CALIC for lossless compression of light field (LF) images. The overall prediction process is improved by exploiting the linear structure of Epipolar Plane Images (EPI) in a slope based prediction scheme. The prediction is improved further by averaging predictions made using horizontal and verticals EPIs. Besides this, the difference in these predictions is included in the error energy function, and the texture context is redefined to improve the overall compression ratio.

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