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We investigate unsupervised learning of correspondences between sound events and textual phrases through aligning audio clips with textual captions describing the content of a whole audio clip. We align originally unaligned and unannotated audio clips and their captions by scoring the similarities between audio frames and words, as encoded by modality-specific encoders and using a ranking-loss criterion to optimize the model.

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10 Views

Area under the ROC curve (AUC) optimisation techniques developed for neural networks have recently demonstrated their capabilities in different audio and speech related tasks. However, due to its intrinsic nature, AUC optimisation has focused only on binary tasks so far. In this paper, we introduce an extension to the AUC optimisation framework so that it can be easily applied to an arbitrary number of classes, aiming to overcome the issues derived from training data limitations in deep learning solutions.

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5 Views

Most of existing audio fingerprinting systems have limitations to be used for high-specific audio retrieval at scale. In this work, we generate a low-dimensional representation from a short unit segment of audio, and couple this fingerprint with a fast maximum inner-product search. To this end, we present a contrastive learning framework that derives from the segment-level search objective. Each update in training uses a batch consisting of a set of pseudo labels, randomly selected original samples, and their augmented replicas.

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38 Views

Segmenting audio into homogeneous sections such as music and speech helps us understand the content of audio. It is useful as a pre-processing step to index, store, and modify audio recordings, radio broadcasts and TV programmes. Deep learning models for segmentation are generally trained on copyrighted material, which cannot be shared. Annotating these datasets is time-consuming and expensive and therefore, it significantly slows down research progress. In this study, we present a novel procedure that artificially synthesises data that resembles radio signals.

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12 Views

We propose a deep graph approach to address the task of speech emotion recognition. A compact, efficient and scalable way to represent data is in the form of graphs. Following the theory of graph signal processing, we propose to model speech signal as a cycle graph or a line graph. Such graph structure enables us to construct a Graph Convolution Network (GCN)-based architecture that can perform an accurate graph convolution in contrast to the approximate convolution used in standard GCNs.

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28 Views

Polyphonic sound event detection and direction-of-arrival estimation require different input features from audio signals. While sound event detection mainly relies on time-frequency patterns, direction-of-arrival estimation relies on magnitude or phase differences between microphones. Previous approaches use the same input features for sound event detection and direction-of-arrival estimation, and train the two tasks jointly or in a two-stage transfer-learning manner.

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52 Views

In this paper, we present a method to handle data imbalance for classification with neural networks, and apply it to acoustic event detection (AED) problem. The common approach to tackle data imbalance is to use class-weights in the objective function while training. An existing more sophisticated approach is to map the input to clusters in an embedding space, so that learning is locally balanced by incorporating inter-cluster and inter-class margins. On these lines, we propose a method to learn the embedding using a novel objective function, called triple-header cross entropy.

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16 Views

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