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Phase reconstruction of complex components in the time-frequency domain is a challenging but necessary task for audio source separation. While traditional approaches do not exploit phase constraints that originate from signal modeling, some prior information about the phase can be obtained from sinusoidal modeling. In this paper, we introduce a probabilistic mixture model which allows us to incorporate such phase priors within a source separation framework.

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Expressive speech introduces variations in the acoustic features affecting the performance of speech technology such as speaker verification systems. It is important to identify the range of emotions for which we can reliably estimate speaker verification tasks. This paper studies the performance of a speaker verification system as a function of emotions. Instead of categorical classes such as happiness or anger, which have important intra-class variability, we use the continuous attributes arousal, valence, and dominance which facili- tate the analysis.

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75 Views

When emotion recognition systems are used in new domains, the classification performance usually drops due to mismatches between training and testing conditions. Annotations of new data in the new domain is expensive and time demanding. Therefore, it is important to design strategies that efficiently use limited amount of new data to improve the robustness of the classification system. The use of ensembles is an attractive solution, since they can be built to perform well across different mismatches. The key challenge is to create ensembles that are diverse.

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7 Views

The performance of speech emotion classifiers greatly degrade when the training conditions do not match the testing conditions. This problem is observed in cross-corpora evaluations, even when the corpora are similar. The lack of generalization is particularly problematic when the emotion classifiers are used in real applications. This study addresses this problem by combining active learning (AL) and supervised domain adaptation (DA) using an elegant approach for support vector machine (SVM).

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Time-delay estimation is an essential building block of many signal processing applications. This paper follows up on earlier work for acoustic source localization and time delay estimation using pattern recognition techniques; it presents high performance results obtained with supervised training of neural networks which challenge the state of the art and compares its performance to that of well-known methods such as the Generalized Cross-Correlation or Adaptive Eigenvalue Decomposition.

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66 Views

Live concert recordings consist in long multitrack audio samples with significant interferences between channels. For audio engineering purposes, it is desirable to attenuate those interferences. Recently, we proposed an algorithm to this end based on Non-negative Matrix Factorization, that iteratively estimate the clean power spectral densities of the sources and the strength of each in each microphone signal, encoded in an interference matrix. Although it behaves well, this method is too demanding computationally for full-length concerts lasting more than one hour.

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In this paper we focus on the usefulness of verbal events for speech based emotion recognition. In particular, the use of phoneme sequences to encode verbal cues related to the expression of emotions is proposed and lexical features based on these phoneme sequences are introduced for use in automatic emotion recognition systems where manual transcripts are not available. Secondly, a novel estimate of emotional salience of verbal cues, applicable to both phoneme sequences and words, is presented.

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