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In this paper, we present our radio frequency signal denoising approach, RFDEMUCS, for the 2024 IEEE ICASSP RF Signal Separation Challenge. Our approach is based on the DEMUCS architecture [1], and has a U-Net structure with a bidirectional LSTM bottleneck. For the task of estimating the underlying bit-sequence message, we also propose an extension of the DEMUCS that directly estimates the bits. Evaluations of the presented methods on the challenge test dataset yield MSE and BER scores of −118.71 and −81, respectively, according to the evaluation metrics defined in the challenge.

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Denoising, detrending, deconvolution: usual restoration tasks, traditionally decoupled. Coupled formulations entail complex ill-posed inverse problems. We propose PENDANTSS for joint trend removal and blind deconvolution of sparse peak-like signals. It blends a parsimonious prior with the hypothesis that smooth trend and noise can somewhat be separated by low-pass filtering.

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43 Views

Recent technological advances in design and processing speed have successfully demonstrated a new snapshot mosaic imaging sensor architecture (SSI), allowing miniaturized platforms to efficiently acquire the spatio-spectral content of the dynamic scenes from a single exposure. However, SSI systems have a fundamental trade-off between spatial and spectral resolution because they associate each pixel with a specific spectral band.

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36 Views

We present the first neural network model to achieve real-time and streaming target sound extraction. To accomplish this, we propose Waveformer, an encoder-decoder architecture with a stack of dilated causal convolution layers as the encoder, and a transformer decoder layer as the decoder. This hybrid architecture uses dilated causal convolutions for processing large receptive fields in a computationally efficient manner, while also leveraging the generalization performance of transformer-based architectures.

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27 Views

Recent advancements in deep learning have led to drastic improvements in speech segregation models. Despite their success and growing applicability, few efforts have been made to analyze the underlying principles that these networks learn to perform segregation. Here we analyze the role of harmonicity on two state-of-the-art Deep Neural Networks (DNN)-based models- Conv-TasNet and DPT-Net. We evaluate their performance with mixtures of natural speech versus slightly manipulated inharmonic speech, where harmonics are slightly frequency jittered.

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We introduce a new Nonnegative Matrix Factorization (NMF) model called Nonnegative Unimodal Matrix Factorization (NuMF), which adds on top of NMF the unimodal condition on the columns of the basis matrix. NuMF finds applications for example in analytical chemistry. We propose a simple but naive brute-force heuristics strategy based on accelerated projected gradient. It is then improved by using multi-grid for which we prove that the restriction operator preserves the unimodality.

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One of the leading single-channel speech separation (SS) models is based on a TasNet with a dual-path segmentation technique, where the size of each segment remains unchanged throughout all layers. In contrast, our key finding is that multi-granularity features are essential for enhancing contextual modeling and computational efficiency. We introduce a self-attentive network with a novel sandglass-shape, namely Sandglasset, which advances the state-of-the-art (SOTA) SS performance at significantly smaller model size and computational cost.

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22 Views

Hand-crafted spatial features (e.g., inter-channel phase difference, IPD) play a fundamental role in recent deep learning based multi-channel speech separation (MCSS) methods. However, these manually designed spatial features are hard to incorporate into the end-to-end optimized MCSS framework. In this work, we propose an integrated architecture for learning spatial features directly from the multi-channel speech waveforms within an end-to-end speech separation framework. In this architecture, time-domain filters spanning signal channels are trained to perform adaptive spatial filtering.

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110 Views

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