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Dementia is a severe cognitive impairment that affects the health of older adults and creates a burden on their families and caretakers. This paper analyzes diverse hand-crafted features extracted from spoken languages and selects the most discriminative ones for dementia detection. Recently, the performance of dementia detection has been significantly improved by utilizing Transformer-based models that automatically capture the structural and linguistic properties of spoken languages. We investigate Transformer-based features and propose an end-to-end system for dementia detection.

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Masked Language Modeling (MLM) is widely used to pretrain language models. The standard random masking strategy in MLM causes the pre-trained language models (PLMs) to be biased towards high-frequency tokens. Representation learning of rare tokens is poor and PLMs have limited performance on downstream tasks. To alleviate this frequency bias issue, we propose two simple and effective Weighted Sampling strategies for masking tokens based on token frequency and training loss. We apply these two strategies to BERT and obtain Weighted-Sampled BERT (WSBERT).

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21 Views

This paper introduces neural architecture search (NAS) for the automatic discovery of end-to-end keyword spotting (KWS) models in limited resource environments. We employ a differentiable NAS approach to optimize the structure of convolutional neural networks (CNNs) operating on raw audio waveforms. After a suitable KWS model is found with NAS, we conduct quantization of weights and activations to reduce the memory footprint. We conduct extensive experiments on the Google speech commands dataset.

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8 Views

This paper describes a method based on a sequence-to-sequence learning (Seq2Seq) with attention and context preservation mechanism for voice conversion (VC) tasks. Seq2Seq has been outstanding at numerous tasks involving sequence modeling such as speech synthesis and recognition, machine translation, and image captioning.

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69 Views

Voice-controlled house-hold devices, like Amazon Echo or Google Home, face the problem of performing speech recognition of device- directed speech in the presence of interfering background speech, i.e., background noise and interfering speech from another person or media device in proximity need to be ignored. We propose two end-to-end models to tackle this problem with information extracted from the “anchored segment”.

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105 Views

Robustness to errors produced by automatic speech recognition (ASR) is essential for Spoken Language Understanding (SLU). Traditional robust SLU typically needs ASR hypotheses with semantic annotations for training. However, semantic annotation is very expensive, and the corresponding ASR system may change frequently. Here, we propose a novel unsupervised ASR-error adaptation method, obviating the need of annotated ASR hypotheses.

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80 Views

In this paper, we present a novel deep multimodal framework to predict human emotions based on sentence-level spoken language. Our architecture has two distinctive characteristics. First, it extracts the high-level features from both text and audio via a hybrid deep multimodal structure, which considers the spatial information from text, temporal information from audio, and high-level associations from low-level handcrafted features.

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