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The non-homogeneous Poisson process (NHPP) is a point process with time-varying intensity across its domain, the use of which arises in numerous domains in signal processing, machine learning and many other fields. However, its applications are largely limited by the intractable likelihood and the high computational cost of existing inference schemes. We present an online inference framework that utilises generative Poisson data and sequential Markov Chain Monte Carlo (SMCMC) algorithm, which achieves improved performance in both synthetic and real datasets.

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In this paper, we propose a fully distributed approximate message passing (AMP) algorithm, which reconstructs an unknown vector from its linear measurements obtained at nodes in a network. The proposed algorithm is a distributed implementation of the centralized AMP algorithm, and consists of the local computation at each node and the global computation using communications between nodes. For the global computation, we propose a distributed algorithm named summation propagation to calculate a summation required in the AMP algorithm.

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In this paper, we consider the problem of sparse signal detection with compressed measurements in a Bayesian framework. Multiple nodes in the network are assumed to observe sparse signals. Observations at each node are compressed via random projections and sent to a centralized fusion center. Motivated by the fact that reliable detection of the sparse signals does not require complete signal reconstruction, we propose two computationally efficient methods for constructing decision statistics for detection.

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Random distortion testing (RDT) addresses the problem of testing whether or not a random signal deviates by more than a specified tolerance from a fixed value. The test is non-parametric in the sense that the distribution of the signal under each hypothesis is assumed to be unknown. The signal is observed in independent and identically distributed (i.i.d) additive noise. The need to control the probabilities of false alarm and missed de- tection while reducing the number of samples required to make a decision leads to the SeqRDT approach.

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The emerging paradigm of Human-Machine Inference Networks (HuMaINs) combines complementary cognitive strengths of humans and machines in an intelligent manner to tackle various inference tasks and achieves higher performance than either humans or machines by themselves. While inference performance optimization techniques for human-only or sensor-only networks are quite mature, HuMaINs require novel signal processing and machine learning solutions.

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The Bayesian information criterion is generic in the sense that it does not include information about the specific model selection problem at hand. Nevertheless, it has been widely used to estimate the number of data clusters in cluster analysis. We have recently derived a Bayesian cluster enumeration criterion from first principles which maximizes the posterior probability of the candidate models given observations. But, in the finite sample regime, the asymptotic assumptions made by the criterion, to arrive at a computationally simple penalty term, are violated.

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The Bayesian information criterion is generic in the sense that it does not include information about the specific model selection problem at hand. Nevertheless, it has been widely used to estimate the number of data clusters in cluster analysis. We have recently derived a Bayesian cluster enumeration criterion from first principles which maximizes the posterior probability of the candidate models given observations. But, in the finite sample regime, the asymptotic assumptions made by the criterion, to arrive at a computationally simple penalty term, are violated.

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The Bayesian information criterion is generic in the sense that it does not include information about the specific model selection problem at hand. Nevertheless, it has been widely used to estimate the number of data clusters in cluster analysis. We have recently derived a Bayesian cluster enumeration criterion from first principles which maximizes the posterior probability of the candidate models given observations. But, in the finite sample regime, the asymptotic assumptions made by the criterion, to arrive at a computationally simple penalty term, are violated.

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