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Thermal analysis using resonating micro-electromechanical systems shows great promise in characterizing materials in the early stages of research. Through thermal cycles and actuation using a piezoelectric speaker, the resonant behaviour of a model drug, theophylline monohydrate, is measured across the surface whilst using a laser-Doppler vibrometer for readout. Acquired is a sequence of spectra that are strongly correlated in time, temperature and spatial location of the readout. Traditionally, each spectrum is analyzed individually to locate the resonance peak.

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45 Views

Speech enhancement is important for applications such as telecommunications, hearing aids, automatic speech recognition and voice-controlled system. The enhancement algorithms aim to reduce interfering noise while minimizing any speech distortion. In this work for speech enhancement, we propose to use polynomial matrices in order to exploit the spatial, spectral as well as temporal correlations between the speech signals received by the microphone array.

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124 Views

Audio processing methods operating on a time-frequency representation of the signal can introduce unpleasant sounding artifacts known as musical noise. These artifacts are observed in the context of audio coding, speech enhancement, and source separation. The change in kurtosis of the power spectrum introduced during the processing was shown to correlate with the human perception of musical noise in the context of speech enhancement, leading to the proposal of measures based on it. These baseline measures are here shown to correlate with human perception only in a limited manner.

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116 Views

Deep-learning based speech enhancement systems have offered tremendous gains, where the best performing approaches use long short-term memory (LSTM) recurrent neural networks (RNNs) to model temporal speech correlations. These models, however, do not consider the frequency-level correlations within a single time frame, as spectral dependencies along the frequency axis are often ignored. This results in inaccurate frequency responses that negatively affect perceptual quality and intelligibility. We propose a deep-learning approach that considers temporal and frequency-level dependencies.

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48 Views

This paper proposes a Bitwise Gated Recurrent Unit (BGRU) network for the single-channel source separation task. Recurrent Neural Networks (RNN) require several sets of weights within its cells, which significantly increases the computational cost compared to the fully-connected networks. To mitigate this increased computation, we focus on the GRU cells and quantize the feedforward procedure with binarized values and bitwise operations. The BGRU network is trained in two stages.

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This work proposes the use of clean speech vocoder parameters
as the target for a neural network performing speech enhancement.
These parameters have been designed for text-to-speech
synthesis so that they both produce high-quality resyntheses
and also are straightforward to model with neural networks,
but have not been utilized in speech enhancement until now.
In comparison to a matched text-to-speech system that is given
the ground truth transcripts of the noisy speech, our model is

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5 Views

Automatic meeting analysis comprises the tasks of speaker counting, speaker diarization, and the separation of overlapped speech, followed by automatic speech recognition. This all has to be carried out on arbitrarily long sessions and, ideally, in an online or block-online manner. While significant progress has been made on individual tasks, this paper presents for the first time an all-neural approach to simultaneous speaker counting, diarization and source separation.

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15 Views

Can we perform an end-to-end music source separation with a variable number of sources using a deep learning model? We present an extension of the Wave-U-Net model which allows end-to-end monaural source separation with a non-fixed number of sources. Furthermore, we propose multiplicative conditioning with instrument labels at the bottleneck of the Wave-U-Net and show its effect on the separation results. This approach leads to other types of conditioning such as audio-visual source separation and score-informed source separation.

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9 Views

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