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In this study, we present a new 64-channel mobile EEG system (NeusenW, Neuracle Inc.), and compare it to a state-of-the-art wired laboratory EEG system and evaluate the EEG signal quality. Previous studies were only performed on seated participants in laboratory environments, and only a very limited number focus on motion conditions. In this study, we instead implemented experiments in standing, walking and running conditions.

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Individuals with auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD) or auditory processing disorders (APDs) often suffer from temporal processing deficits leading to degraded speech perception. The situation becomes worse in the presence of background noise. Evidence exists that the exaggeration of speech envelope may enhance intelligibility, although a comprehensive evaluation of envelope enhancement algorithms is lacking.

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Localization of exact positions of the fundamental heart sounds (FHS) is an essential step towards automatic analysis of heart sound phonocardiogram (PCG) recordings, the automatic segmentation allows for data-driven classification of heart pathological events. Current approach using probabilistic models such as hidden Markov models (HMMs) has improved accuracy of heart sound segmentation.

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Afternoon sleepiness in daily life reduces arousal level, performance, and so on. It has been cleared that short naps are effective to cancel the sleepiness. Sleep stage 2 is one of important factors about sleeping especially in short time nap. Sleep spindles are especially important hallmarks of sleep stage 2. Therefore, it is necessary to find a spindle for analysis in sleep stage 2.

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We consider the problem of fovea segmentation and develop
a technique for delineation of macular regions based on the
active-disc formalism that we recently introduced. The outlining
problem is posed as one of the optimization of a locally
defined contrast function using gradient-ascent maximization
with respect to the affine transformation parameters
that characterize the active disc. For automatic localization
of the fovea and initialization of the active disc, we
use the directional-derivative-based matched filter. We report

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Sequential dictionary learning algorithms has gained widespread acceptance in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data analysis. However, many problems in fMRI data analysis involve the analysis of multiple-subject fMRI data sets and the existing algorithms do not extend naturally to this case. In this paper we propose an algorithm dedicated to multiple-subject fMRI data analysis. The algorithm is named SMSDL for sequential multi-subject dictionary learning and differs from existing dictionary learning algorithms in its dictionary update stage.

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While convex optimization for low-light imaging has received some attention by the imaging community, non-convex optimization techniques for photon-limited imaging are still in their nascent stages. In this thesis, we developed a stage-based non-convex approach to recover high-resolution sparse signals from low-dimensional measurements corrupted by Poisson noise. We incorporate gradient-based information to construct a sequence of quadratic subproblems with an $\ell_p$-norm ($0 \leq p < 1$) penalty term to promote sparsity.

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The sampling of neural signals plays an important role in modern neuroscience, especially for prosthetics. However, due to hardware and data rate constraints, only spike trains can get recovered reliably. State of the art prosthetics can still achieve impressive results, but to get higher resolutions the used data rate needs to be reduced. In this paper, this is done by expressing the data with exponential and sinusoidal splines.

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