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Non-intrusive load monitoring (a.k.a. power disaggregation) refers to identifying and extracting the consumption patterns of individual appliances from the mains which records the whole-house energy consumption. Recently, deep learning has been shown to be a promising method to solve this problem and many approaches based on it have been proposed.

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In Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, an efficient analysis and a relevant extraction of different molecule properties from a given chemical mixture are important tasks, especially when processing bidimensional NMR data. To that end, using a blind source separation approach based on a variational formulation seems to be a good strategy. However, the poor resolution of NMR spectra and their large dimension require a new and modern blind source separation method.

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This paper describes the winning systems developed by the BUT team for the four tracks of the Second DIHARD Speech Diarization Challenge. For tracks 1 and 2 the systems were mainly based on performing agglomerative hierarchical clustering (AHC) of x-vectors, followed by another x-vector clustering based on Bayes hidden Markov model and variational Bayes inference. We provide a comparison of the improvement given by each step and share the implementation of the core of the system.

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While there is now a significant literature on sparse inverse covariance estimation, all that literature, with only a couple of exceptions, has dealt only with univariate (or scalar) net- works where each node carries a univariate signal. However in many, perhaps most, applications, each node may carry multivariate signals representing multi-attribute data, possibly of different dimensions. Modelling such multivariate (or vector) networks requires fitting block-sparse inverse covariance matrices. Here we achieve maximal block sparsity by maximizing a block-l0-sparse penalized likelihood.

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Time-series clustering involves grouping homogeneous time series together based on certain similarity measures. The mixture AR model (MxAR) has already been developed for time series clustering, as has an associated EM algorithm. How- ever, this EM clustering algorithm fails to perform satisfactorily in large-scale applications due to its high computational complexity. This paper proposes a new algorithm, k-ARs, which is a limiting version of the existing EM algorithm.

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Sparse code multiple access (SCMA) uses multi-dimensional sparse codewords to transmit user data. The expectation propagation algorithm (EPA) exploiting the sparse property shows linear complexity growth and thus is preferred for multi-user detection. To further reduce the complexity, a convergence-aware based EPA for uplink MIMO SCMA systems is proposed. Techniques including user termination, antenna termination, and codebook reduction are adopted. The user termination must be combined with the iteration constraint to avoid misjudgement.

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Speech enhancement has greatly benefited from deep learning. Currently, the best performing deep architectures use long short-term memory (LSTM) recurrent neural networks (RNNs) to model short and long temporal dependencies. These approaches, however, underutilize or ignore spectral-level dependencies within the magnitude and phase responses, respectively. In this paper, we propose a deep learning architecture that leverages both temporal and spectral dependencies within the magnitude and phase responses.

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Latent fingerprint reconstruction is a vital preprocessing step for its identification. This task is very challenging due to not only existing complicated degradation patterns but also its scarcity of paired training data. To address these challenges, we propose a novel generative adversarial network (GAN) based data augmentation scheme to improve such reconstruction.

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