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We propose a unified compression framework that uses generative adversarial networks (GAN) to compress image and speech signals. The compressed signal is represented by a latent vector fed into a generator network which is trained to produce high-quality signals that minimize a target objective function. To efficiently quantize the compressed signal, non-uniformly quantized optimal latent vectors are identified by iterative back-propagation with ADMM optimization performed for each iteration.

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15 Views

In this paper, we address the Online Unsupervised Domain Adaptation (OUDA) problem, where the target data are unlabelled and arriving sequentially. The traditional methods on the OUDA problem mainly focus on transforming each arriving target data to the source domain, and they do not sufficiently consider the temporal coherency and accumulative statistics among the arriving target data. We propose a multi-step framework for the OUDA problem, which institutes a novel method to compute the mean-target subspace inspired by the geometrical interpretation on the Euclidean space.

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13 Views

Construction of learning model under computational and energy constraints, particularly in highly limited training time requirement is a critical as well as unique necessity of many practical IoT applications that use time series sensor signal analytics for edge devices. Yet, majority of the state-of-the-art algorithms and solutions attempt to achieve high performance objective (like test accuracy) irrespective of the computational constraints of real-life applications.

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25 Views

This paper studies the security issue of a gossip-based distributed projected gradient (DPG) algorithm, when it is applied for solving a decentralized multi-agent optimization. It is known that the gossip-based DPG algorithm is vulnerable to insider attacks because each agent locally estimates its (sub)gradient without any supervision. This work leverages the convolutional neural network (CNN) to perform the detection and localization of the insider attackers.

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14 Views

Finite Rate of Innovation (FRI) theory considers sampling and reconstruction of classes of non-bandlimited continuous signals that have a small number of free parameters, such as a stream of Diracs. The task of reconstructing FRI signals from discrete samples is often transformed into a spectral estimation problem and solved using Prony's method and matrix pencil method which involve estimating signal subspaces. They achieve an optimal performance given by the Cramér-Rao bound yet break down at a certain peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR).

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7 Views

This paper addresses the learning task of estimating driver drowsiness from the signals of car acceleration sensors. Since even drivers themselves cannot perceive their own drowsiness in a timely manner unless they use burdensome invasive sensors, obtaining labeled training data for each timestamp is not a realistic goal. To deal with this difficulty, we formulate the task as a weakly supervised learning. We only need to add labels for each complete trip, not for every timestamp independently.

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9 Views

The automatic classification of content is an essential requirement for multimedia applications. Present research for audio-based classifiers uses short- and long-term analysis of signals, with temporal and spectral features. In our prior study, we presented an approach to classify streaming and local content, in real-time and with low latency, using synthetically-derived metadata features based on fixed class-conditional distributions. The three-class conditional distribution parameters were set a priori based on public information.

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5 Views

Tensor decompositions have become a central tool in machine learning to extract interpretable patterns from multiway arrays of data. However, computing the approximate Canonical Polyadic Decomposition (aCPD), one of the most important tensor decomposition model, remains a challenge. In this work, we propose several algorithms based on extrapolation that improve over existing alternating methods for aCPD.

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141 Views

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